January/February 2018 – Vol. 31 No. 2

Celestial Highlights for March 2014

Posted: Tuesday, March 4th, 2014

by Robert Victor and Robert D. Miller

Evening Standouts: Jupiter, Sirius, and (for Southern California) Canopus; Mars, brightening, rises into early evening view –  Venus and Mars rule the dawn.

March 2014 at dusk For monthly evening and morning twilight sky maps for northern California (exact for lat. 40° N), activities and videos on changing visibility of stars and planets, and a preview of Comet Halley’s next appearance in 2061, visit www.pa.msu.edu/abrams/msta/

In March 2014, the two most prominent “stars” visible at dusk attain their highest positions almost simultaneously. Ranking first is Jupiter, reaching its highest position in a dark sky it will get until many years from now. From latitude 34° north (Los Angeles and Palm Springs), it passes within 11° south of overhead. Next in brilliance is Sirius, the “Dog Star”, 40° up in south. Third in brightness in early March but visible only from southern parts of our state is Canopus, passing due south about 21 minutes before Sirius does, but 36° lower.

By month’s end, as the rising time of Mars shifts earlier to mid-twilight, the red planet brightens to become almost the equal of Sirius.

Other features of early evening: A telescope shows up to four of Jupiter’s moons discovered by Galileo in 1610. Jupiter and Orion’s red Betelgeuse and blue Rigel now lie in a nearly straight line. Orion’s 3-star belt (not shown on the chart) lies midway between those two stars and points the way left toward Sirius, and the opposite way toward Aldebaran, eye of Taurus, the Bull, and beyond to the beautiful Pleiades or “Seven Sisters” star cluster (not shown). The huge “Winter Hexagon”, in counterclockwise order Sirius-Rigel-Aldebaran-Capella-Pollux-Castor (not shown)-Procyon and back to Sirius, with Jupiter and Betelgeuse within, contains 8 of the 21 stellar objects of first magnitude or brighter (16 stars and 5 planets) viewable from southern California. Their constellations include a bull backing away from a charging hunter and his two canine followers, a pair of twins, and a chariot driver with mother goat and three kids on his shoulder.

Following this menagerie is Leo, the Lion, with the bright star Regulus marking his heart. Is the Lion chasing his dinner across the sky? Quite a menu!

By March’s end, Arcturus, the “Bear Guardian” star, pops up above the ENE horizon before mid-twilight. Follow the curve of the bear’s tail (handle of the Big Dipper) through Arcturus to brightening reddish Mars rising just south of east, and to Spica, Virgo’s sheaf of grain, rising 5° to Mars’ lower right 15-20 minutes later. (In third week of March, Mars and Spica rise almost simultaneously in a dark sky about 2 hours after sunset. Earlier in March, Spica rises first.)

March Moon Madness

The waxing Moon can be spotted daily at mid-twilight in first half of March. New Moon occurred at 12:00 a.m. PST at the start of March 1.

By the evening of Sunday, March 2, the 1¾-day old crescent is very easy to spot with unaided eye. For a few more evenings, look for earthshine, illumination from sunlight reflected by the Earth onto the Moon’s dark (non-sunlit) side. Watch the crescent thicken daily as it moves farther from the Sun on each successive evening, passing the Pleiades star cluster at nightfall on March 6, and within 3° above Aldebaran by the next evening. The Moon reaches First Quarter phase, half full and 90° from the Sun, between the evenings of March 7 and 8.

The gibbous Moon is nearly up to Jupiter on the evening of the 9th, and past it and widely south of the Gemini Twins Castor and Pollux on the next evening. The Moon hops past Regulus between the evenings of March 13 and 14.

Finally, the Full Moon on Sunday, March 16 rises about 20 minutes after sunset, and at mid-twilight is 3° up and 6° south of east. Continue following the Moon for four more evenings by waiting for its rising about an hour later each night — or switch your viewing time to morning.

March 2014 at dawn

The brightest objects in morning twilight, in order of brilliance, are: Venus in southeast, slowly declining from its astounding peak brilliance in February, and now appearing as a roughly “half moon” through telescopes; Mars in SW to WSW; Arcturus high in west; Vega high in NE; Saturn in SSW to SW. Late in month, Mercury low in ESE to E brightens to outshine Arcturus, but it drops very low in bright twilight as it approaches the far side of the Sun.

Mars-Spica are 6.0° apart on March 1, closing to 5.0° apart on March 20, to a least separation of 4.8° on March 25 and 26, in the second of three conjunctions within six months. Their final pairing, just 1.3° apart, will occur in the evening sky on July 13.

Near Vega are Altair to its lower right and Deneb to its lower left, completing the Summer Triangle.

To the left of the Mars-Spica pair lies a yellowish point of light glowing steadily. A telescope reveals the rings of Saturn, now tipped over 22° from edge-on!

Extend the Mars-to-Saturn line to left of Saturn and drop down a bit, and you’ll find reddish twinkling Antares, heart of the Scorpion.

The Moon can be followed in morning twilight, starting as a Full Moon low in the west on March 16, and ending as an old crescent very low, just S of E in bright twilight, on March 29. Along the way, the waning Moon passes four planets and two first-magnitude stars, as shown in these illustrations from the Abrams Planetarium Sky Calendar.

Of all these events, be sure you and your students don’t miss the beautiful predawn pairing of the crescent Moon with Venus on March 27. As your first activity at school that day, use the Moon to help locate Venus in the daytime.

The second New Moon of this month occurs on the 30th at 11:45 a.m. PDT.

Evening Encore:

Finally, March ends as it began, with a beautiful young crescent Moon low in the western sky at dusk on March 31. Easy for unaided eye forty minutes after sunset, it will be 8° north of west, 7 degrees above the horizon, and 32 hours old.

Robert D. Miller, who provided the twilight charts, did graduate work in Planetarium Science and later astronomy and computer science at Michigan State University and remains active in research and public outreach in astronomy

Powered By DT Author Box

Written by Robert Victor

Robert Victor

Robert C. Victor was Staff Astronomer at Abrams Planetarium, Michigan State University. He is now retired and enjoys providing skywatching opportunities for school children in and around Palm Springs, CA. Robert is a member of CSTA.

Leave a Reply


Accelerating into NGSS – A Statewide Rollout Series Now Accepting Registrations

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

Are you feeling behind on the implementation of NGSS? Then Accelerating into NGSS – the Statewide Rollout event – is right for you!

If you have not experienced Phases 1-4 of the Statewide Rollout, or are feeling behind with the implementation of NGSS, the Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout will provide you with the greatest hits from Phases 1-4!

Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout is a two-day training geared toward grade K-12 academic coaches, administrators, curriculum leads, and teacher leaders. Check-in for the two-day rollout begins at 7:30 a.m., followed by a continental breakfast. Sessions run from 8:00 a.m. to 4:15 p.m. on Day One and from 8:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on Day Two.

Cost of training is $250 per attendee. Fee includes all materials, continental breakfast, and lunch on both days. It is recommended that districts send teams of four to six, which include at least one administrator. Payment can be made by check or credit card. If paying by check, registration is NOT complete until payment has been received. All payments must be received prior to the Rollout location date you are attending. Paying by credit card secures your seat at time of registration. No purchase orders accepted. No participant cancellation refunds.

For questions or more information, please contact Amy Kennedy at akennedy@sjcoe.net or (209) 468-9027.



MARCH 28-29, 2018
Host: San Mateo County Office of Education
Location: San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City

APRIL 10-11, 2018
Host: Orange County Office of Education
Location: Brandman University, Irvine

MAY 1-2, 2018
Host: Tulare County Office of Education
Location: Tulare County Office of Education, Visalia

MAY 3-4, 2018
Host: San Bernardino Superintendent of Schools
Location: West End Educational Service Center, Rancho Cucamonga

MAY 7-8, 2018
Host: Sacramento County Office of Education
Location: Sacramento County Office of Education Conference Center and David P. Meaney Education Center, Mather

JUNE 14-15, 2018
Host: Imperial County Office of Education
Location: Imperial Valley College, Imperial

Presented by the California Department of Education, California County Superintendents Educational Services Association/County Offices of Education, K-12 Alliance @WestEd, California Science Project, and the California Science Teachers Association.

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

The Teaching and Learning Collaborative, Reflections from an Administrator

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

by Kelly Patchen

My name is Mrs. Kelly Patchen, and I am proud to be an elementary assistant principal working in the Tracy Unified School District (TUSD) at Louis Bohn and McKinley Elementary Schools. Each of the schools I support are Title I K-5 schools with about 450 students, a diverse student population, a high percentage of English Language Learners, and students living in poverty. We’re also lucky to be part of the CA NGSS K-8 Early Implementation Initiative with the K-12 Alliance. Learn More…

Powered By DT Author Box

Written by NGSS Early Implementer

NGSS Early Implementer

In 2015 CSTA began to publish a series of articles written by teachers participating in the California NGSS k-8 Early Implementation Initiative. This article was written by an educator(s) participating in the initiative. CSTA thanks them for their contributions and for sharing their experience with the science teaching community.

2018 CSTA Conference Call for Proposals

Posted: Wednesday, January 17th, 2018

CSTA is pleased to announce that we are now accepting proposals for 90-minute workshops and three- and six-hour short courses for the 2018 California Science Education Conference. Workshops and short courses make up the bulk of the content and professional learning opportunities available at the conference. In recognition of their contribution, members who present a workshop or short course receive 50% off of their registration fees. Click for more information regarding proposals, or submit one today by following the links below.

Short Course Proposal

Workshop Proposal Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

CSTA’s New Administrator Facebook Group Page

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Holly Steele

The California Science Teachers Association’s mission is to promote high-quality science education, and one of the best practice’s we use to fulfill that mission is through the use of our Facebook group pages. CSTA hosts several closed and moderated Facebook group pages for specific grade levels, (Elementary, Middle, and High School), pages for district coaches and science education faculty, and the official CSTA Facebook page. These pages serve as an online resource for teachers and coaches to exchange teaching methods, materials, staying update on science events in California and asking questions. CSTA is happy to announce the creation of a 6th group page called, California Administrators Supporting Science. Learn More…

Written by Guest Contributor

From time to time CSTA receives contributions from guest contributors. The opinions and views expressed by these contributors are not necessarily those of CSTA. By publishing these articles CSTA does not make any endorsements or statements of support of the author or their contribution, either explicit or implicit. All links to outside sources are subject to CSTA’s Disclaimer Policy: http://www.classroomscience.org/disclaimer.

Find Your Reason to Engage

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Jill Grace

I was recently reflecting on events in the news and remembered that several years ago, National Public Radio had a story about a man named Stéphane Hessel, a World War II French resistance fighter, Nazi concentration camp survivor, and contributor to the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The story focused on a book he had published, Time for Outrage (2010).

In it, Hessel makes the argument that the worst attitude is indifference:

“Who is in charge; who are the decision makers? It’s not always easy to discern. We’re not dealing with a small elite anymore, whose actions we can clearly identify. We are dealing with a vast, interdependent world that is interconnected in unprecedented ways. But there are unbearable things all around us. You have to look for them; search carefully. Open your eyes and you will see. This is what I tell young people: If you spend a little time searching, you will find your reasons to engage. The worst attitude is indifference. ‘There’s nothing I can do; I get by’ – adopting this mindset will deprive you of one of the fundamental qualities of being human: outrage.  Our capacity for protest is indispensable, as is our freedom to engage.”

His words make me take pause when I think of the status of science in the United States. A general “mistrust” of science is increasingly pervasive, as outlined in a New Yorker article from the summer of 2016. Learn More…

Powered By DT Author Box

Written by Jill Grace

Jill Grace

Jill Grace is a Regional Director for the K-12 Alliance and is President of CSTA.