March/April 2017 – Vol. 29 No. 6

Celestial Highlights for November

Posted: Sunday, November 3rd, 2013

by Robert Victor and Robert D. Miller

The full November 2013 Sky Calendar is available online at

A common, yet often striking event, is the monthly pairing of Venus and the crescent Moon. In the closing 10 weeks of Venus’ current evening apparition, pairings will occur at dusk on Nov. 6, Dec. 5, and on Jan. 1 and 2. The pairing at dusk on Thursday, Dec. 5 will be very impressive, because around that date, Venus will attain its greatest brilliance and highest position in the evening sky. That afternoon, the Moon can even help the observer spot Venus as they move together across the daytime sky. 

Jupiter is usually the planet next in brilliance after Venus, so its pairings near the Moon, occurring at intervals of 27-28 days, are also impressive. The Moon must always be in crescent phase when it is seen near Venus, but can appear in any phase when it passes Jupiter. (Why is that?!) This month Jupiter will appear near the Moon on the night of Nov. 21-22, from four hours after sunset until dawn.

Venus appears at greatest elongation, appearing a maximum of 47° from the Sun in our sky, on 2013 Oct. 31 in the afternoon and evening sky, and on the morning of March 22, 2014. Near those dates, when viewed with a telescope Venus appears as a tiny “half moon.” About midway between those dates, on Jan. 11, 2014, Venus passes nearly between Earth and Sun, and appears as a large, very thin crescent. Five weeks before and after this inferior conjunction with the Sun, Venus reaches greatest brilliancy and appears through binoculars as a crescent about 25 percent illuminated. The 20 weeks from the end of October to late March will be an exciting time to follow Venus through telescopes and binoculars as the backlit planet swings close to Earth and displays all its crescent phases, in the daytime as well as at dusk or dawn.

On our evening twilight chart for November 2013, bright objects are plotted for each day when the Sun has sunk to 9° below the horizon, at “mid-twilight”. By then it is easy to see Venus and about half a dozen stars of first magnitude or brighter, including the Summer Triangle of Vega, Altair, and Deneb high in the western sky. In November, mid-twilight in southern California (lat. 34° N) occurs about 40-43 minutes after sunset, and 45-48 minutes after sunset for the northern border of the state (lat. 42° N).

Planet positions are represented by a separate dot for each date, with positions for each Friday in November (1, 8, 15, 22, 29), represented by a larger dot and labeled. Rotate the chart until the portion of the horizon circle nearest to your target objects is below them, and you’ll see them depicted at the same orientation as they appear in the sky.

On the chart, stars’ daily positions are not plotted as individual dots, but instead by continuous tracks as the stars drift west (counter-clockwise around the North Star) in the course of the month, owing to the Earth’s revolution around the Sun.

Jupiter does not appear on November’s evening twilight chart. On Nov. 1 it rises within 4.5 hours after sunset. Its rising time shifts earlier by about 4 minutes per day, until at month’s end it will rise a few minutes before Venus sets.

Jupiter is also present in the morning, as the brightest “star” then visible. In mid-twilight, find it very high in SW on Nov. 1, moving to about halfway from horizon to overhead in west at month’s end. The other morning planet in view for entire month is Mars. In November find the red planet just over halfway up, drifting through SE early in month, ending in SSE.

Two additional planets join the morning scene as they emerge from the Sun’s glare. The November chart depicting the sky in morning mid-twilight illustrates the changing positions of the four morning planets. First, Mercury pulls out from its Nov. 1 inferior conjunction on the near side of Sun to be spotted by Nov. 8. Look low in ESE, to lower left of Spica. Mercury brightens, rapidly at first, then more slowly. Next, just after midmonth, Saturn emerges from far side of the Sun to appear to lower left of Mercury. The two planets form a close pair on Nov. 25-26 and switch places as speedy Mercury moves around toward the far side of its orbit. Saturn appears higher each morning because of the Earth’s faster orbital motion. The sample Sky Calendar at illustrates their arrangement on these and several adjacent mornings.

The calendar also shows the waning crescent Moon near Mars on Nov. 27, near Spica on Nov. 29, and near Saturn and Mercury on Dec. 1.

On Thanksgiving morning, Nov. 28, the four planets, Mercury-Saturn-Mars-Jupiter, span 120° across the sky. Later that same day, Comet ISON will pass within 725,000 miles of the Sun’s surface and make a sharp turn to the north, or upper left of the predawn Sun. Visit for updates on the comet. The November and December issues of Sky Calendar provide illustrations of its location for selected mornings.

Abrams Planetarium has created a new webpage especially for teachers at

We plan to add files to it, so you might want to check it regularly. At present, you will find downloadable files including:

  • The November 2013 Sky Calendar and evening sky map.
  • Monthly charts depicting the sky at evening and morning mid-twilight from October 2013 through December 2014, with descriptions of the evening charts. (Descriptions of the morning charts will be added later.)
  • A 2-foot by 2-foot poster showing the orbits of the six inner planets out to Saturn, with a data table for plotting the positions of the planets and a set of questions about star and planet visibility.
  • Information on the next apparition of Halley’s Comet, in 2061. (Start making plans now!)
  • Video previews of Comet ISON’s visit in November-December 2013 and of Comet Halley’s visit in July-August 2061.
  • Information about the four total lunar eclipses in 2014-2015. A version of this information applicable to California is available here.

Robert C. Victor was Staff Astronomer at Abrams Planetarium, Michigan State University. He is now retired and enjoys providing skywatching opportunities for school children in and around Palm Springs.

Robert D. Miller, who provided the twilight charts, did graduate work in Planetarium Science and later astronomy and computer science at Michigan State University and remains active in research and public outreach in astronomy.

Powered By DT Author Box

Written by Robert Victor

Robert Victor

Robert C. Victor was Staff Astronomer at Abrams Planetarium, Michigan State University. He is now retired and enjoys providing skywatching opportunities for school children in and around Palm Springs, CA. Robert is a member of CSTA.

Leave a Reply


California Science Curriculum Framework Now Available

Posted: Tuesday, March 14th, 2017

The pre-publication version of the new California Science Curriculum Framework is now available for download. This publication incorporates all the edits that were approved by the State Board of Education in November 2016 and was many months in the making. Our sincere thanks to the dozens of CSTA members were involved in its development. Our appreciation is also extended to the California Department of Education, the State Board of Education, the Instructional Quality Commission, and the Science Curriculum Framework and Evaluation Criteria Committee and their staff for their hard work and dedication to produce this document and for their commitment to the public input process. To the many writers and contributors to the Framework CSTA thanks you for your many hours of work to produce a world-class document.

For tips on how to approach this document see our article from December 2016: California Has Adopted a New Science Curriculum Framework – Now What …? If you would like to learn more about the Framework, consider participating in one of the Framework Launch events (a.k.a. Rollout #4) scheduled throughout 2017.

The final publication version (formatted for printing) will be available in July 2017. This document will not be available in printed format, only electronically.

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

Call for CSTA Awards Nominations

Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017

The 2017 Award Season is now open! One of the benefits of being a CSTA member is your eligibility for awards as well as your eligibility to nominate someone for an award. CSTA offers several awards and members may nominate individuals and organizations for the Future Science Teacher Award, the prestigious Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award, and the CSTA Distinguished Contributions Award (organizational award). May 9, 2017 is the deadline for nominations for these awards. CSTA believes that the importance of science education cannot be overstated. Given the essential presence of the sciences in understanding the past and planning for the future, science education remains, and will increasingly be one of the most important disciplines in education. CSTA is committed to recognizing and encouraging excellence in science teaching through the presentation of awards to science educators and organizations who have made outstanding contributions in science education in the state and who are poised to continue the momentum of providing high quality, relevant science education into the future. Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

Call for Volunteers – CSTA Committees

Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017


CSTA is now accepting applications from regular, preservice, and retired members to serve on our volunteer committees! CSTA’s all-volunteer board of directors invites you to consider maximizing your member experience by volunteering for CSTA. CSTA committee service offers you the opportunity to share your expertise, learn a new skill, or do something you love to do but never have the opportunity to do in your regular day. CSTA committee volunteers do some pretty amazing things: Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

A Friend in CA Science Education Now at CSTA Region 1 Science Center

Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017

by Marian Murphy-Shaw

If you attended an NGSS Rollout phase 1-3 or CDE workshops at CSTA’s annual conference you may recall hearing from Chris Breazeale when he was working with the CDE. Chris has relocated professionally, with his passion for science education, and is now the Executive Director at the Explorit Science Center, a hands-on exploration museum featuring interactive STEM exhibits located at the beautiful Mace Ranch, 3141 5th St. in Davis, CA. Visitors can “think it, try it, and explorit” with a variety of displays that allow visitors to “do science.” To preview the museum, or schedule a classroom visit, see Learn More…

Written by Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw is the student services director at Siskiyou County Office of Education and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director and chair of CSTA’s Policy Committee.

Learning to Teach in 3D

Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017

by Joseph Calmer

Probably like you, NGSS has been at the forefront of many department meetings, lunch conversations, and solitary lesson planning sessions. Despite reading the original NRC Framework, the Ca Draft Frameworks, and many CSTA writings, I am still left with the question: “what does it actually mean for my classroom?”

I had an eye-opening experience that helped me with that question. It came out of a conversation that I had with a student teacher. It turns out that I’ve found the secret to learning how to teach with NGSS: I need to engage in dialogue about teaching with novice teachers. I’ve had the pleasure of teaching science in some capacity for 12 years. During that time pedagogy and student learning become sort of a “hidden curriculum.” It is difficult to plan a lesson for the hidden curriculum; the best way is to just have two or more professionals talk and see what emerges. I was surprised it took me so long to realize this epiphany. Learn More…

Written by Guest Contributor

From time to time CSTA receives contributions from guest contributors. The opinions and views expressed by these contributors are not necessarily those of CSTA. By publishing these articles CSTA does not make any endorsements or statements of support of the author or their contribution, either explicit or implicit. All links to outside sources are subject to CSTA’s Disclaimer Policy: