Facts & Myths Regarding Next Generation Science Standards in California
Posted: Monday, July 1st, 2013
by Laura Henriques
As I take over my new post as CSTA President, I realize there is still lots of misinformation about the Next Generation Science Standards. In this issue, I hope to clarify some misunderstandings and help you better understand California’s timeline. As teachers we often start instruction with a pre-assessment, so I figured I would do the same here.
Fact or Myth? California adopted the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) in April 2013.
Fact or Myth? California educators have been involved in reviewing the standards and providing feedback to the author team, the Department of Education and the Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Fact or Myth? If adopted, NGSS for California represents the curriculum for science instruction in California.
Fact or Myth? If adopted, you will need to implement NGSS for the 2013-2014 school year.
Fact or Myth? California will need to write a Science Curriculum Framework based on NGSS for California (assuming the standards are adopted).
Fact or Myth? The grade 6-8 standards represent three courses in earth, life and physical sciences, sort of like what we have now.
Fact or Myth? The grade 9-12 standards represent the courses that will be offered in high schools.
How well did you do? Read on to find out.
1. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) were adopted in April 2013: MYTH
Don’t feel bad if you missed this one, lots of people believe that California has already adopted NGSS. Achieve, the group that spearheaded the writing of NGSS, considered feedback from thousands of reviewers across the United States and incorporated changes into the final version of the Next Generation Science Standards, released on April 9, 2013. California is one of the Lead States in the NGSS process, which means that as a state we also provided feedback. California has not yet adopted NGSS.
State Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) Tom Torlakson released his recommended science standards to be presented to the State Board of Education (SBE) at their July 10, 2013 meeting. His recommendation is that the SBE approve his recommended “Next Generation Science Standards for California Public Schools, K-12”. These are essentially the NGSS that were released by Achieve in April, with a few modifications made by California to the clarifying statements and an assignment of the middle school standards to specific grades. The Board must make a decision related to the adoption of these new standards before or during their November 6-7, 2013 meeting. Only then will be know where or not California adopts NGSS. You can watch all SBE meetings online via live webcast.
2. California educators have been involved in reviewing the standards and providing feedback to the author team, the Department of Education and the Superintendent of Public Instruction: FACT
California educators and other state stakeholders provided feedback through a variety of mechanisms. Hundreds of educators participated in focus groups and group review sessions around the state, with hundreds of us providing feedback directly to Achieve during the public review process for the first and second drafts of the standards. Members of the CSTA leadership and county office personnel hosted numerous meetings to aid that process. After the final version of the standards was released in April, the State Board of Education hosted three town-hall meetings (one was a webcast) to solicit input from interested parties. CSTA also conducted a survey of its membership. This information has been shared with the Department of Education. The superintendent’s Science Expert Panel, made up of 27 California educator, scientist, and non-educator experts, carefully reviewed the standards and their appropriateness for California students.
3. If adopted, NGSS represents the curriculum for science instruction in California: MYTH
This is one of the biggest misconceptions folks have about NGSS. The standards, or performance expectations, indicate what kids are able to do. They tell us nothing about how we teach or plan instruction to help students achieve that level of performance. NGSS authors go to great pains to point out that the document is not curriculum, but as educators we all want to read the document and infer what instruction looks like. The Science Framework and curriculum come next.
4. If adopted, you will need to implement NGSS for the 2013-2014 school year: MYTH
The absolute earliest date that NGSS might be adopted is July 2013. However, it is probably more realistic to assume that the State Board of Education won’t decide anything until September or November. The adoption of new standards sets in motion the next steps (see #5). Implementation in classrooms will not be expected until 2014-2015 at the very earliest.
5. California will need to write a Science Curriculum Framework based on NGSS (assuming the standards are adopted): FACT
Just as many people believe that NGSS has already been adopted, some people also believe that we will simply use the K-12 Framework for Science Education that served as the basis for NGSS. Not true! California will need to write a curriculum framework that will help teachers implement the new standards adopted by the board in their own classrooms. While the dates for framework development, implementation and assessment are not final (legislation is still pending), the order in which events transpire will transpire is:
- Adoption of new standards
- Write a curriculum framework for California based on the new standards
- Curriculum development, professional development, and implementation
- State assessments based on new standards
The timeline has too many variables to give actual dates for these tasks and legislation regarding assessment, curriculum framework, and professional development is currently working its way through the legislature. The timeline developed by CDE offers general dates for implementation. The CSTA NGSS website provides updated information as well.
6. The grade 6-8 standards represent three courses in earth, life and physical sciences, sort of like what we have now: MYTH
The grade 6-8 standards in NGSS represent the combined content and skills to be mastered by the end of middle school. As released by Achieve, the 6-8th grade standards were not assigned to particular grade levels. In his recommendation, SPI Torlakson offered distinct Grade 6, 7, and 8 standards (extrapolated from the combined Grade 6-8 performance expectations). His recommendation takes into account developmental appropriateness, alignment with math Common Core and alignment with grades K-5 science standards which precede.
7. The grade 9-12 standards represent the courses that will be offered in high schools: MYTH
This has been a major source of confusion and concern for high school teachers. The standards in NGSS represent what all students should know when they leave high school. By the end of that time, kids should have had the opportunity to master the standards outlined in NGSS. If you teach a high school chemistry class or physics class you will likely teach more than what is included in the Physical Science Standards of NGSS. That’s okay and to be expected. NGSS is not curriculum; in other words, teachers should not look at NGSS and assume that the list is all-inclusive for what a course might include, especially for high school physics or chemistry.
California is a K-8 adoption state so the SPI needed to make recommendations for where the grade 6-8 standards will be taught. This is not the case for high school. As a result, the curriculum framework writers and local districts will need to determine how the grade 9-12 standards get addressed. What is important to remember is that NGSS represents the science all students should learn.
Please stay abreast of the process. Continue to visit the CDE’s NGSS website or the CSTA NGSS website. If you are in the Sacramento area and feel so inclined, attend the State Board of Education meeting on July 10-11. If you are not in the area you are invited to submit written comments via email (email@example.com) to the SBE with the item number clearly marked in the subject line. In order to ensure that comments are received by board members in advance of the meeting, materials must be received by 12:00 p.m. on the Monday July 8.
Posted: Wednesday, October 12th, 2016
by Jessica Sawko
In June 2016 California submitted a waiver application to discontinue using the old CST (based on 1998 standards) and conduct two years of pilot and field tests (in spring 2017 and 2018, respectively) of the new science assessment designed to support our state’s current science standards (California Next Generation Science Standards (CA-NGSS) adopted in 2013). The waiver was requested because no student scores will be provided as a part of the pilot and field tests. The CDE received a response from the U.S. Department of Education (ED) on September 30, 2016, which provides the CDE the opportunity to resubmit a revised waiver request within 60 days. The CDE will be revising the waiver request and resubmitting as ED suggested.
At its October 2016 North/South Assessment meetings CDE confirmed that there will be no administration of the old CST in the spring of 2017. (An archive of the meeting is available at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ai/infomeeting.asp.) Learn More…
Posted: Thursday, September 22nd, 2016
by Carol Peterson
1) To celebrate the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service, Google has put together a collection of virtual tours combining 360-degree video, panoramic photos and expert narration. It’s called “The Hidden Worlds of the National Parks” and is accessible right from the browser. You can choose from one of five different locales, including the Kenai Fjords in Alaska and Bryce Canyon in Utah, and get a guided “tour” from a local park ranger. Each one has a few virtual vistas to explore, with documentary-style voiceovers and extra media hidden behind clickable thumbnails. Ideas are included for use in classrooms. https://www.engadget.com/2016/08/25/google-offers-360-degree-tours-of-us-national-parks/. Learn More…
Posted: Thursday, September 22nd, 2016
CSTA is pleased to announce the winners of the 2016 CSTA Awards for Distinguished Contributions, Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award, 2014 and 2015 PAEMST-Science recipients from California, and the 2016 California PAEMST Finalists. The following individuals and organizations will be honored during the 2016 California Science Education Conference on October 21- 23 in Palm Springs. This year’s group of awardees are truly outstanding. Please join us in congratulating them!
Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award
The Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award honors an individual who has made a significant contribution to science education in the state and who, through years of leadership and service, has truly made a positive impact on the quality of science teaching. This year’s recipient is John Keller, Ph.D. Dr. Keller is Associate Professor, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and Co-Director, Center for Engineering, Science, and Mathematics Education, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. In her letter of recommendation, SDSU science education faculty and former CSTA board member Donna Ross wrote: “He brings people together who share the desire to make a difference in the development and implementation of programs for science teaching. Examples of these projects include the Math and Science Teaching Initiative (MSTI), Noyce Scholars Program, Western Regional Noyce Initiative, and the Science Teacher and Researcher (STAR) program.” Through his work, he has had a dramatic impact on science teacher education, both preservice and in-service, in California, the region, and the country. He developed and implemented the STEM Teacher and Researcher Program which aims to produce excellent K-12 STEM teachers by providing aspiring teachers with opportunities to do authentic research while helping them translate their research experience into classroom practice. SFSU faculty member Larry Horvath said it best in his letter:“John Keller exemplifies the best aspects of a scientist, science educator, and mentor. His contributions to science education in the state of California are varied, significant, and I am sure will continue well into the future.” Learn More…
Posted: Tuesday, September 20th, 2016
by Peter A’hearn
NGSS is a big shift. Teachers need to learn new content, figure out how this whole engineering thing relates to science, and develop new unit and lesson plans. How could NGSS possibly make life easier?
The idea that NGSS could make our lives easier came to me during the California State NGSS Rollout #1 Classroom Example lesson on chromatography. I have since done this lesson with high school chemistry students and it made me think back to having my own students do chromatography. I spent lots of time preparing to make sure the experiment went well and achieved the “correct” result. I pre-prepared the solutions and organized and prepped the materials. I re-wrote and re-wrote again the procedure so there was no way a kid could get it wrong. I spent 20 minutes before the lab modeling all of the steps in class, so there was no way to do it wrong. Except that it turns out there were many. Learn More…
Posted: Tuesday, September 20th, 2016
by Robert C. Victor. Twilight sky maps by Robert D. Miller. Graph of evening planet setting times by Dr. Jeffrey L. Hunt
Our evening twilight chart for September, depicting the sky about 40 minutes after sunset from SoCal, shows brilliant Venus remaining low, creeping from W to WSW and gaining a little altitude as the month progresses. Its close encounter within 2.5° N of Spica on Sept. 18 is best seen with binoculars to catch the star low in bright twilight. The brightest stars in the evening sky are golden Arcturus descending in the west, and blue-white Vega passing just north of overhead. Look for Altair and Deneb completing the Summer Triangle with Vega. The triangle of Mars-Saturn-Antares expands as Mars seems to hold nearly stationary in SSW as the month progresses, while Saturn and Antares slink off to the SW. Learn More…