May/June 2017 – Vol. 29 No. 7

High School Questions About NGSS – A Statewide Conversation

Posted: Monday, June 20th, 2016

by Christie Pearce and Marian Murphy-Shaw

The California Science Teacher’s Association is made up of a wide range of individuals and institutions passionate about promoting and supporting science teachers and high quality resources for science education at all levels. It is well known that TK-12 teachers are CSTA members, you may also know that local science centers are members, along with private and Community College, CSU and UC faculty, but did you know that many of your local County Offices of Education have staff who are members?

In this collaboratively composed article, two county office of education colleagues, from opposite ends of the state have combined forces to connect California science teachers with one more resource; your local county office, or county department, of education. While CSTA has 4 identified regions in CA, the 58 counties are part of an 11-region public education system. At these offices your county STEM or Science Coordinators, Educational Services Directors, Curriculum Specialists, Grant Directors and more often serve in multiple roles, many working directly with teachers, TOSA’s, coaches, principals and science education partnerships. Across the 11 regions these “county folks” collaborate, share resources and work directly on projects such as the CA NGSS Rollouts with statewide entities such as the California Department of Education, Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee (CISC), CA Science Project, and West Ed’s K-12 Alliance. (A listing of key science contacts at each of these entities has been compiled by Anthony Quan at the Los Angeles County Office of Education and is available here.)

Questions about what high schools can and should be doing with NGSS seem to be ever increasing- both in number and complexity. CSTA asked if we could compile what the counties are hearing, both the questions and the answers. We started by connecting with our colleagues across the state and asking what questions and concerns they hear most often. If it makes our high school teachers feel any better, you are certainly not alone in wondering about NGSS. Below we have compiled questions and responses. We have tried to replicate the best information we have on hand as of this writing, but also acknowledge that the most important thing to remember is that all of this is still a work in progress. The UC has not finished updating “a-g,” CA science credentialing is being revised, NGSS “content” in 9-12 will look different over time, but that is not going happen in all CA high schools for several years at least.

County offices have a network of resources and can point to the authority when we do not have the answer ourselves as we have done below. We also encourage the use of the free Digital Chalkboard CA NGSS Rollout materials, especially the High School and Administrator sessions, for use as local professional learning about NGSS.

NGSS and UC a-g

Question: Will the UC’s be updating their “d” criteria to meet the new NGSS models?

Answer: High school advising and teaching staff who have experience with, and contacts for, submission of “a-g” courses are the most reliable source for local answers to these questions. UCOP has indicated they will not have the “a-g” process updated fully for NGSS prior to 2017-18.

The UC also offers help online: http://www.ucop.edu/agguide/a-g-requirements/d-lab-science/index.html. In an interview with Addison Peterson at UC, Addison.Peterson@ucop.edu, we learned that UC is encouraging high schools to submit courses aligned to NGSS and encourages use of the “d” webpage above to meet the most essential criteria of “providing fundamental knowledge in Biology, Chemistry, Physics.” He also noted that as of spring 2016 a sample “d” Earth Science course has been added to the a-g searchable courses. He also wanted to remind high schools that UC would much rather answer questions and work with high schools as courses are being prepared, before they are submitted rather than after, to help make the process more successful. Use the UC a-g Course Management Portal to find search for other recently approved NGSS aligned courses.

Over the last two years UC has been working to align to NGSS. In spring 2015 the academic senate was working on the following, “…a faculty work group revised the area “d” course criteria to reference the NGSS standards, and some are now urging BOARS (Board of Admissions & Relations with Schools) to revise the area “d” subject requirement itself to align with the NGSS. A central question is whether area “d” will continue to identify the three core laboratory science disciplines as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics, or change to reflect the four core NGSS categories—Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences, and Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science—and broaden the scope beyond only “laboratory sciences.”

Remember this work is still underway – high schools can work directly with UCOP and determine the pace at which they will resubmit courses. There is no deadline at this time as the “new” NGSS courses are still being developed. Local district timelines for course revisions vary. Use the UC site to review their annual timeline.

Many high schools are maintaining the same “content” of an approved course but developing lessons, labs, etc. in small sections to shift instruction to NGSS 3-Dimensional learning, especially incorporating the Science and Engineering Practices. This will take time and ongoing professional learning especially in smaller schools or those not supported by an MSP, Science Project, or other similar projects. Keep in mind that your communities need time to learn about NGSS too and how it will serve their children.

Resources for 3 Dimensional Science

Question: Is there a place that teachers can get a list of natural phenomena for specific content areas?

Answer: Phenomena for NGSSwww.ngssphenomena.com is a curated collection of phenomena for the NGSS, along with help for how to use phenomena in 3 Dimensional teaching and learning. A new resource now being developed by the San Diego COE called #ProjectPhenomena is also available (www.sciencephenomena.com).

Question: Are there additional resources beyond the framework that show how Crosscutting Concepts (CCC) connect to lessons/units?

Answer: The NGSS Rollout Phase 2 Crosscutting Concepts session is a great resource and is free on Digital Chalkboard. It makes use of Crosscut Weebly with teacher-developed ideas http://crosscutsymbols.weebly.com/. Project-based Learning resources are also where you can see big overarching lesson ideas. Edutopia and the Buck Institute are a few.

Question: Where can we find more engineering activities/projects that connect directly to NGSS?

Answer: There is a lot out there. Directly connected to NGSS – meaning someone has had time to do that – not so much yet, but increasing. Keep in mind NGSS is newer to other states than it is to us here in CA. Engineering is Elementary, as an example, though for younger grades, models the use of the engineering design process embedded in science class. The key with engineering is that that it becomes part of the K-12 science curriculum, not stand alone events, electives or challenges. This too takes time and requires weaving in the engineering Practices (SEP) and the engineering Core Ideas (DCI) as part of the units you teach and develop. Staying in touch with CSTA, CA Classroom Science and other connections with colleagues is how you find more.

Question: Is there a place that teachers can get lesson and unit ideas or models aligned to NGSS?

Answer: Lots of places to look – but be a critical consumer – remember we are ALL novices at NGSS still so what has a label may not be a final product, but rather a step in the ongoing learning we are all doing!

Assessment

Questions: Are there assessment questions/ performance tasks, etc.? When will we be assessed on NGSS?

Answers:

  • Working with other teachers is always a good practice when it comes to assessment – especially if your school or district is learning what NGSS can “look” like. CDE will be posting more of the work from the CA MSP Grants on Digital Chalkboard. The PALS website contains science performance tasks – http://pals.sri.com/
  • The State Board of Education has moved ahead with a newly designed science assessment. It is being carefully developed with solid research base and public oversight thanks to CSTA.
  • Writing is currently underway, a pilot is expected in the spring of 2017 with an operational test by spring 2019.
  • To keep up to date: CDE FAQ: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ca/sciencefaq.asp#accordionfaq
  • The NGSS Rollout Phase 3 feature a session on Assessment.
  • Your county offices are part of the CISC (Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee) community. This committee disperses updates about frameworks, assessments and other statewide work to every county.
  • You also have CSTA as your state teachers association monthly publication CA Classroom Science. Members also get critical updates by email.

Credentialing

Question: What are the credentialing implications of NGSS for currently assigned teachers?

Answer: In CA there are multiple factors that weigh into a teacher’s credentialing; from the year credentialed to the funding formula used at the district of employment. For this reason the most accurate answer will always be based upon an individual’s assignment.

The CSTA NGSS Credentialing webpage has the most currently available general information visible for CA teachers. This provides a good place to start looking for answers.

Question: What are the implications for credentials in pipeline for Earth or Physical sciences?

Answer: Getting up to date numbers from the many teacher preparation programs in CA would be necessary before responding to this question. High school districts should start now looking at their longer term plans for course sequences, staffing, and recruitment. These processes take multiple years and require all stakeholders to be part of the planning.

Course Models

Questions: What are the benefits of choosing the 3-year versus 4-year models? Isn’t the 4-year model similar to what we are already doing now? If Ed Code only requires 2 years of science to graduate, why do we need to offer 3 or 4 years? There’s no legal reason to require 3 or 4 years, correct?

Answer: The contrast in these questions speaks volumes. The teachers accustomed to having a 4-year program are wondering what would change, and those who still provide the “minimum” 2-years wonder why 3-4 years would be expected.

Consider attending the August events about High School 3 Course Model:

  • San Joaquin COE: August 15
  • Alameda COE: August 16
  • Southern California events are anticipated later in the fall

Equity is what it comes down to. Students get varying experience with science depending on where they go to school. The NGSS set Performance Expectations based on a comprehensive science program that provides each student with sufficient science to be career, college, and citizen-ready. The NGSS were not designed to “fit” Ed Code, but to provide equitable learning. Two years appears to be insufficient time in which to accomplish that.

The CA Ed Code sets a minimum – a basement if you will – to build a high school program upon that meets the requirements for a CA diploma.

California Education Code (EC) 51225.3 has specified a minimum set of courses to meet state requirements to graduate from high school and receive a diploma. The governing boards of local education agencies (LEAs) have the authority to supplement the state minimum requirements at the local level. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/gs/hs/hsgrmin.asp.

Question: When should teachers re-write their course descriptions and sequences?

Answer: A good starting place for transition to NGSS courses is to look at the new DRAFT – available starting June 28 at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/sc/cf/ (until fall 2016) CA Science Framework chapters about the course models. While not yet adopted by the CA SBE the draft gives high schools an idea of how NGSS may play out in course sequences. There is no deadline for this, CDE recognizes that transition to NGSS is a process, not an on/off switch.

LCAP

Question: What resources are available to help teachers brainstorm the resources and support that will be most helpful in implementation so that they can petition the school and district to include these in the LCAP language?

Answer: This page has a list of tools for LCAP work http://www.cslnet.org/what-we-do/policy-advocacy/local-control-accountability-plan/

The Model LCAP Content has text you can use to come up with your own focus statements: http://www.cslnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Model-LCAP-Content1.pdf.

CSTA has also published a few articles that may be of help:

Hopefully these links, updates and ideas help in the work toward NGSS implementation. Many thanks go to the many individuals from CA county office who contributed resources and suggestions they make use of locally, and have now shared here.

Finally, remember we all need to give ourselves time to be novices again as we learn together and share our experiences doing this work. The County Offices are one of the many partners CA science teachers have to collaborate with, and now you have links to many more.

As you, and your colleagues, find more sources that are of a help to you please share them at some of the CSTA CA Science Teacher Facebook pages:

Christie Pearce is the Science Coordinator for the Orange County Department of Education. Marian Murphy-Shaw is the Educational Services Director, Siskiyou County Office of Education, and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director. Both are members of CSTA.

Written by Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw is the student services director at Siskiyou County Office of Education and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director and chair of CSTA’s Policy Committee.

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CSTA Annual Conference Early Bird Rates End July 14

Posted: Wednesday, July 12th, 2017

by Jessica Sawko

Teachers engaged in workshop activity

Teachers engaging in hands-on learning during a workshop at the 2016 CSTA conference.

Don’t miss your chance to register at the early bird rate for the 2017 CSTA Conference – the early-bird rate closes July 14. Need ideas on how to secure funding for your participation? Visit our website for suggestions, a budget planning tool, and downloadable justification letter to share with your admin. Want to take advantage of the early rate – but know your district will pay eventually? Register online today and CSTA will reimburse you when we receive payment from your district/employer. (For more information on how that works contact Zi Stair in the office for details – 916-979-7004 or zi@cascience.org.)

New Information Now Available On-line:

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

Goodbye Outgoing and Welcome Incoming CSTA Board Members

Posted: Wednesday, July 12th, 2017

Jill Grace

Jill Grace, CSTA President, 2017-2019

On July 1, 2017 five CSTA members concluded their service and four new board members joined the ranks of the CSTA Board of Directors. CSTA is so grateful for all the volunteer board of directors who contribute hours upon hours of time and energy to advance the work of the association. At the June 3 board meeting, CSTA was able to say goodbye to the outgoing board members and welcome the incoming members.

This new year also brings with it a new president for CSTA. As of July 1, 2017 Jill Grace is the president of the California Science Teachers Association. Jill is a graduate of California State University, Long Beach, a former middle school science teacher, and is currently a Regional Director with the K-12 Alliance @ WestEd where she works with California NGSS K-8 Early Implementation Initiative districts and charter networks in the San Diego area.

Outgoing Board Members

  • Laura Henriques (President-Elect: 2011 – 2013, President: 2013 – 2015, Past President: 2015 – 2017)
  • Valerie Joyner (Region 1 Director: 2009 – 2013, Primary Director: 2013 – 2017)
  • Mary Whaley (Informal Science Education Director: 2013 – 2017)
  • Sue Campbell (Middle School/Jr. High Director: 2015 – 2017)
  • Marcus Tessier (2-Year College Director: 2015 – 2017)

Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

Finding My Student’s Motivation of Learning Through Engineering Tasks

Posted: Wednesday, July 12th, 2017

by Huda Ali Gubary and Susheela Nath

It’s 8:02 and the bell rings. My students’ walk in and pick up an entry ticket based on yesterday’s lesson and homework. My countdown starts for students to begin…3, 2, 1. Ten students are on task and diligently completing the work, twenty are off task with behaviors ranging from talking up a storm with their neighbors to silently staring off into space. This was the start of my classes, more often than not. My students rarely showed the enthusiasm for a class that I had eagerly prepared for. I spent so much time searching for ways to get my students excited about the concepts they were learning. I wanted them to feel a connection to the lessons and come into my class motivated about what they were going to learn next. I would ask myself how I could make my class memorable where the kids were in the driver’s seat of learning. Incorporating engineering made this possible. Learn More…

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Written by NGSS Early Implementer

NGSS Early Implementer

In 2015 CSTA began to publish a series of articles written by teachers participating in the California NGSS k-8 Early Implementation Initiative. This article was written by an educator(s) participating in the initiative. CSTA thanks them for their contributions and for sharing their experience with the science teaching community.

State Schools Chief Tom Torlakson Unveils Updated Recommended Literature List

Posted: Wednesday, July 12th, 2017

SACRAMENTO—State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson unveiled an addition of 285 award-winning titles to the Recommended Literature: Prekindergarten Through Grade Twelve list.

“The books our students read help broaden their perspectives, enhance their knowledge, and fire their imaginations,” Torlakson said. “The addition of these award-winning titles represents the state’s continued commitment to the interests and engagement of California’s young readers.”

The Recommended Literature: Prekindergarten Through Grade Twelve list is a collection of more than 8,000 titles of recommended reading for children and adolescents. Reflecting contemporary and classic titles, including California authors, this online list provides an exciting range of literature that students should be reading at school and for pleasure. Works include fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama to provide for a variety of tastes, interests, and abilities. Learn More…

Written by Guest Contributor

From time to time CSTA receives contributions from guest contributors. The opinions and views expressed by these contributors are not necessarily those of CSTA. By publishing these articles CSTA does not make any endorsements or statements of support of the author or their contribution, either explicit or implicit. All links to outside sources are subject to CSTA’s Disclaimer Policy: http://www.classroomscience.org/disclaimer.

Teaching Science in the Time of Alternative Facts – Why NGSS Can Help (somewhat)

Posted: Wednesday, July 12th, 2017

by Peter A’Hearn

The father of one of my students gave me a book: In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood by Walt Brown, Ph. D. He had heard that I was teaching Plate Tectonics and wanted me to consider another perspective. The book offered the idea that the evidence for plate tectonics could be better understood if we considered the idea that beneath the continent of Pangaea was a huge underground layer of water that suddenly burst forth from a rift between the now continents of Africa and South America. The waters shot up and the continents hydroplaned apart on the water layer to their current positions. The force of the movement pushed up great mountain ranges which are still settling to this day, resulting in earthquakes along the margins of continents. This had happened about 6,000 years ago and created a great worldwide flood. Learn More…

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Written by Peter AHearn

Peter AHearn

Peter A’Hearn is the Region 4 Director for CSTA.