High School Questions About NGSS – A Statewide Conversation
Posted: Monday, June 20th, 2016
by Christie Pearce and Marian Murphy-Shaw
The California Science Teacher’s Association is made up of a wide range of individuals and institutions passionate about promoting and supporting science teachers and high quality resources for science education at all levels. It is well known that TK-12 teachers are CSTA members, you may also know that local science centers are members, along with private and Community College, CSU and UC faculty, but did you know that many of your local County Offices of Education have staff who are members?
In this collaboratively composed article, two county office of education colleagues, from opposite ends of the state have combined forces to connect California science teachers with one more resource; your local county office, or county department, of education. While CSTA has 4 identified regions in CA, the 58 counties are part of an 11-region public education system. At these offices your county STEM or Science Coordinators, Educational Services Directors, Curriculum Specialists, Grant Directors and more often serve in multiple roles, many working directly with teachers, TOSA’s, coaches, principals and science education partnerships. Across the 11 regions these “county folks” collaborate, share resources and work directly on projects such as the CA NGSS Rollouts with statewide entities such as the California Department of Education, Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee (CISC), CA Science Project, and West Ed’s K-12 Alliance. (A listing of key science contacts at each of these entities has been compiled by Anthony Quan at the Los Angeles County Office of Education and is available here.)
Questions about what high schools can and should be doing with NGSS seem to be ever increasing- both in number and complexity. CSTA asked if we could compile what the counties are hearing, both the questions and the answers. We started by connecting with our colleagues across the state and asking what questions and concerns they hear most often. If it makes our high school teachers feel any better, you are certainly not alone in wondering about NGSS. Below we have compiled questions and responses. We have tried to replicate the best information we have on hand as of this writing, but also acknowledge that the most important thing to remember is that all of this is still a work in progress. The UC has not finished updating “a-g,” CA science credentialing is being revised, NGSS “content” in 9-12 will look different over time, but that is not going happen in all CA high schools for several years at least.
County offices have a network of resources and can point to the authority when we do not have the answer ourselves as we have done below. We also encourage the use of the free Digital Chalkboard CA NGSS Rollout materials, especially the High School and Administrator sessions, for use as local professional learning about NGSS.
NGSS and UC a-g
Question: Will the UC’s be updating their “d” criteria to meet the new NGSS models?
Answer: High school advising and teaching staff who have experience with, and contacts for, submission of “a-g” courses are the most reliable source for local answers to these questions. UCOP has indicated they will not have the “a-g” process updated fully for NGSS prior to 2017-18.
The UC also offers help online: http://www.ucop.edu/agguide/a-g-requirements/d-lab-science/index.html. In an interview with Addison Peterson at UC, Addison.Peterson@ucop.edu, we learned that UC is encouraging high schools to submit courses aligned to NGSS and encourages use of the “d” webpage above to meet the most essential criteria of “providing fundamental knowledge in Biology, Chemistry, Physics.” He also noted that as of spring 2016 a sample “d” Earth Science course has been added to the a-g searchable courses. He also wanted to remind high schools that UC would much rather answer questions and work with high schools as courses are being prepared, before they are submitted rather than after, to help make the process more successful. Use the UC a-g Course Management Portal to find search for other recently approved NGSS aligned courses.
Over the last two years UC has been working to align to NGSS. In spring 2015 the academic senate was working on the following, “…a faculty work group revised the area “d” course criteria to reference the NGSS standards, and some are now urging BOARS (Board of Admissions & Relations with Schools) to revise the area “d” subject requirement itself to align with the NGSS. A central question is whether area “d” will continue to identify the three core laboratory science disciplines as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics, or change to reflect the four core NGSS categories—Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences, and Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science—and broaden the scope beyond only “laboratory sciences.”
Remember this work is still underway – high schools can work directly with UCOP and determine the pace at which they will resubmit courses. There is no deadline at this time as the “new” NGSS courses are still being developed. Local district timelines for course revisions vary. Use the UC site to review their annual timeline.
Many high schools are maintaining the same “content” of an approved course but developing lessons, labs, etc. in small sections to shift instruction to NGSS 3-Dimensional learning, especially incorporating the Science and Engineering Practices. This will take time and ongoing professional learning especially in smaller schools or those not supported by an MSP, Science Project, or other similar projects. Keep in mind that your communities need time to learn about NGSS too and how it will serve their children.
Resources for 3 Dimensional Science
Question: Is there a place that teachers can get a list of natural phenomena for specific content areas?
Answer: Phenomena for NGSS, www.ngssphenomena.com is a curated collection of phenomena for the NGSS, along with help for how to use phenomena in 3 Dimensional teaching and learning. A new resource now being developed by the San Diego COE called #ProjectPhenomena is also available (www.sciencephenomena.com).
Question: Are there additional resources beyond the framework that show how Crosscutting Concepts (CCC) connect to lessons/units?
Answer: The NGSS Rollout Phase 2 Crosscutting Concepts session is a great resource and is free on Digital Chalkboard. It makes use of Crosscut Weebly with teacher-developed ideas http://crosscutsymbols.weebly.com/. Project-based Learning resources are also where you can see big overarching lesson ideas. Edutopia and the Buck Institute are a few.
Question: Where can we find more engineering activities/projects that connect directly to NGSS?
Answer: There is a lot out there. Directly connected to NGSS – meaning someone has had time to do that – not so much yet, but increasing. Keep in mind NGSS is newer to other states than it is to us here in CA. Engineering is Elementary, as an example, though for younger grades, models the use of the engineering design process embedded in science class. The key with engineering is that that it becomes part of the K-12 science curriculum, not stand alone events, electives or challenges. This too takes time and requires weaving in the engineering Practices (SEP) and the engineering Core Ideas (DCI) as part of the units you teach and develop. Staying in touch with CSTA, CA Classroom Science and other connections with colleagues is how you find more.
Question: Is there a place that teachers can get lesson and unit ideas or models aligned to NGSS?
Answer: Lots of places to look – but be a critical consumer – remember we are ALL novices at NGSS still so what has a label may not be a final product, but rather a step in the ongoing learning we are all doing!
- CSTA CA Classroom Science newsletter
- NGSS: NSTA hub
- San Diego County Office of Education NGSS
- CA Digital Chalkboard
- http://betterlesson.com/common_core (NGSS tab too)
- CA Digital Chalkboard will have more products posted from the CA MSP Grants in the future.
- CA implementation projects now in their second year of work will start sharing lessons at conferences.
- Wayne Resa 5E Lesson Plans
- The NGSS Rollouts occurring in 9 locations statewide annually.
Questions: Are there assessment questions/ performance tasks, etc.? When will we be assessed on NGSS?
- Working with other teachers is always a good practice when it comes to assessment – especially if your school or district is learning what NGSS can “look” like. CDE will be posting more of the work from the CA MSP Grants on Digital Chalkboard. The PALS website contains science performance tasks – http://pals.sri.com/
- The State Board of Education has moved ahead with a newly designed science assessment. It is being carefully developed with solid research base and public oversight thanks to CSTA.
- Writing is currently underway, a pilot is expected in the spring of 2017 with an operational test by spring 2019.
- To keep up to date: CDE FAQ: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ca/sciencefaq.asp#accordionfaq
- The NGSS Rollout Phase 3 feature a session on Assessment.
- Your county offices are part of the CISC (Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee) community. This committee disperses updates about frameworks, assessments and other statewide work to every county.
- You also have CSTA as your state teachers association monthly publication CA Classroom Science. Members also get critical updates by email.
Question: What are the credentialing implications of NGSS for currently assigned teachers?
Answer: In CA there are multiple factors that weigh into a teacher’s credentialing; from the year credentialed to the funding formula used at the district of employment. For this reason the most accurate answer will always be based upon an individual’s assignment.
The CSTA NGSS Credentialing webpage has the most currently available general information visible for CA teachers. This provides a good place to start looking for answers.
Question: What are the implications for credentials in pipeline for Earth or Physical sciences?
Answer: Getting up to date numbers from the many teacher preparation programs in CA would be necessary before responding to this question. High school districts should start now looking at their longer term plans for course sequences, staffing, and recruitment. These processes take multiple years and require all stakeholders to be part of the planning.
Questions: What are the benefits of choosing the 3-year versus 4-year models? Isn’t the 4-year model similar to what we are already doing now? If Ed Code only requires 2 years of science to graduate, why do we need to offer 3 or 4 years? There’s no legal reason to require 3 or 4 years, correct?
Answer: The contrast in these questions speaks volumes. The teachers accustomed to having a 4-year program are wondering what would change, and those who still provide the “minimum” 2-years wonder why 3-4 years would be expected.
Consider attending the August events about High School 3 Course Model:
- San Joaquin COE: August 15
- Alameda COE: August 16
- Southern California events are anticipated later in the fall
Equity is what it comes down to. Students get varying experience with science depending on where they go to school. The NGSS set Performance Expectations based on a comprehensive science program that provides each student with sufficient science to be career, college, and citizen-ready. The NGSS were not designed to “fit” Ed Code, but to provide equitable learning. Two years appears to be insufficient time in which to accomplish that.
The CA Ed Code sets a minimum – a basement if you will – to build a high school program upon that meets the requirements for a CA diploma.
California Education Code (EC) 51225.3 has specified a minimum set of courses to meet state requirements to graduate from high school and receive a diploma. The governing boards of local education agencies (LEAs) have the authority to supplement the state minimum requirements at the local level. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/gs/hs/hsgrmin.asp.
Question: When should teachers re-write their course descriptions and sequences?
Answer: A good starting place for transition to NGSS courses is to look at the new DRAFT – available starting June 28 at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/sc/cf/ (until fall 2016) CA Science Framework chapters about the course models. While not yet adopted by the CA SBE the draft gives high schools an idea of how NGSS may play out in course sequences. There is no deadline for this, CDE recognizes that transition to NGSS is a process, not an on/off switch.
Question: What resources are available to help teachers brainstorm the resources and support that will be most helpful in implementation so that they can petition the school and district to include these in the LCAP language?
Answer: This page has a list of tools for LCAP work http://www.cslnet.org/what-we-do/policy-advocacy/local-control-accountability-plan/
The Model LCAP Content has text you can use to come up with your own focus statements: http://www.cslnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Model-LCAP-Content1.pdf.
CSTA has also published a few articles that may be of help:
- San Diego Early Implementers Take the Lead in Strengthening Support for Science in Their District LCAP
- Advocating for Access to Financial Support of Science in Your School and District
- LCFF and LCAP: Tools to Help Move Science Education Forward
Hopefully these links, updates and ideas help in the work toward NGSS implementation. Many thanks go to the many individuals from CA county office who contributed resources and suggestions they make use of locally, and have now shared here.
Finally, remember we all need to give ourselves time to be novices again as we learn together and share our experiences doing this work. The County Offices are one of the many partners CA science teachers have to collaborate with, and now you have links to many more.
As you, and your colleagues, find more sources that are of a help to you please share them at some of the CSTA CA Science Teacher Facebook pages:
- California Elementary Science Teachers – 244 Members
- California Middle School Science Teachers – 404 Members
- California High School Science Teachers – 174 Members
- California Science District Coaches – 123 Members
Christie Pearce is the Science Coordinator for the Orange County Department of Education. Marian Murphy-Shaw is the Educational Services Director, Siskiyou County Office of Education, and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director. Both are members of CSTA.
Posted: Tuesday, March 14th, 2017
The pre-publication version of the new California Science Curriculum Framework is now available for download. This publication incorporates all the edits that were approved by the State Board of Education in November 2016 and was many months in the making. Our sincere thanks to the dozens of CSTA members were involved in its development. Our appreciation is also extended to the California Department of Education, the State Board of Education, the Instructional Quality Commission, and the Science Curriculum Framework and Evaluation Criteria Committee and their staff for their hard work and dedication to produce this document and for their commitment to the public input process. To the many writers and contributors to the Framework CSTA thanks you for your many hours of work to produce a world-class document.
For tips on how to approach this document see our article from December 2016: California Has Adopted a New Science Curriculum Framework – Now What …? If you would like to learn more about the Framework, consider participating in one of the Framework Launch events (a.k.a. Rollout #4) scheduled throughout 2017.
The final publication version (formatted for printing) will be available in July 2017. This document will not be available in printed format, only electronically.
Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017
The 2017 Award Season is now open! One of the benefits of being a CSTA member is your eligibility for awards as well as your eligibility to nominate someone for an award. CSTA offers several awards and members may nominate individuals and organizations for the Future Science Teacher Award, the prestigious Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award, and the CSTA Distinguished Contributions Award (organizational award). May 9, 2017 is the deadline for nominations for these awards. CSTA believes that the importance of science education cannot be overstated. Given the essential presence of the sciences in understanding the past and planning for the future, science education remains, and will increasingly be one of the most important disciplines in education. CSTA is committed to recognizing and encouraging excellence in science teaching through the presentation of awards to science educators and organizations who have made outstanding contributions in science education in the state and who are poised to continue the momentum of providing high quality, relevant science education into the future. Learn More…
Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017
CSTA is now accepting applications from regular, preservice, and retired members to serve on our volunteer committees! CSTA’s all-volunteer board of directors invites you to consider maximizing your member experience by volunteering for CSTA. CSTA committee service offers you the opportunity to share your expertise, learn a new skill, or do something you love to do but never have the opportunity to do in your regular day. CSTA committee volunteers do some pretty amazing things: Learn More…
Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017
by Marian Murphy-Shaw
If you attended an NGSS Rollout phase 1-3 or CDE workshops at CSTA’s annual conference you may recall hearing from Chris Breazeale when he was working with the CDE. Chris has relocated professionally, with his passion for science education, and is now the Executive Director at the Explorit Science Center, a hands-on exploration museum featuring interactive STEM exhibits located at the beautiful Mace Ranch, 3141 5th St. in Davis, CA. Visitors can “think it, try it, and explorit” with a variety of displays that allow visitors to “do science.” To preview the museum, or schedule a classroom visit, see www.explorit.org. Learn More…
Posted: Monday, March 13th, 2017
by Joseph Calmer
Probably like you, NGSS has been at the forefront of many department meetings, lunch conversations, and solitary lesson planning sessions. Despite reading the original NRC Framework, the Ca Draft Frameworks, and many CSTA writings, I am still left with the question: “what does it actually mean for my classroom?”
I had an eye-opening experience that helped me with that question. It came out of a conversation that I had with a student teacher. It turns out that I’ve found the secret to learning how to teach with NGSS: I need to engage in dialogue about teaching with novice teachers. I’ve had the pleasure of teaching science in some capacity for 12 years. During that time pedagogy and student learning become sort of a “hidden curriculum.” It is difficult to plan a lesson for the hidden curriculum; the best way is to just have two or more professionals talk and see what emerges. I was surprised it took me so long to realize this epiphany. Learn More…