January/February 2018 – Vol. 31 No. 2

High School Questions About NGSS – A Statewide Conversation

Posted: Monday, June 20th, 2016

by Christie Pearce and Marian Murphy-Shaw

The California Science Teacher’s Association is made up of a wide range of individuals and institutions passionate about promoting and supporting science teachers and high quality resources for science education at all levels. It is well known that TK-12 teachers are CSTA members, you may also know that local science centers are members, along with private and Community College, CSU and UC faculty, but did you know that many of your local County Offices of Education have staff who are members?

In this collaboratively composed article, two county office of education colleagues, from opposite ends of the state have combined forces to connect California science teachers with one more resource; your local county office, or county department, of education. While CSTA has 4 identified regions in CA, the 58 counties are part of an 11-region public education system. At these offices your county STEM or Science Coordinators, Educational Services Directors, Curriculum Specialists, Grant Directors and more often serve in multiple roles, many working directly with teachers, TOSA’s, coaches, principals and science education partnerships. Across the 11 regions these “county folks” collaborate, share resources and work directly on projects such as the CA NGSS Rollouts with statewide entities such as the California Department of Education, Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee (CISC), CA Science Project, and West Ed’s K-12 Alliance. (A listing of key science contacts at each of these entities has been compiled by Anthony Quan at the Los Angeles County Office of Education and is available here.)

Questions about what high schools can and should be doing with NGSS seem to be ever increasing- both in number and complexity. CSTA asked if we could compile what the counties are hearing, both the questions and the answers. We started by connecting with our colleagues across the state and asking what questions and concerns they hear most often. If it makes our high school teachers feel any better, you are certainly not alone in wondering about NGSS. Below we have compiled questions and responses. We have tried to replicate the best information we have on hand as of this writing, but also acknowledge that the most important thing to remember is that all of this is still a work in progress. The UC has not finished updating “a-g,” CA science credentialing is being revised, NGSS “content” in 9-12 will look different over time, but that is not going happen in all CA high schools for several years at least.

County offices have a network of resources and can point to the authority when we do not have the answer ourselves as we have done below. We also encourage the use of the free Digital Chalkboard CA NGSS Rollout materials, especially the High School and Administrator sessions, for use as local professional learning about NGSS.

NGSS and UC a-g

Question: Will the UC’s be updating their “d” criteria to meet the new NGSS models?

Answer: High school advising and teaching staff who have experience with, and contacts for, submission of “a-g” courses are the most reliable source for local answers to these questions. UCOP has indicated they will not have the “a-g” process updated fully for NGSS prior to 2017-18.

The UC also offers help online: http://www.ucop.edu/agguide/a-g-requirements/d-lab-science/index.html. In an interview with Addison Peterson at UC, Addison.Peterson@ucop.edu, we learned that UC is encouraging high schools to submit courses aligned to NGSS and encourages use of the “d” webpage above to meet the most essential criteria of “providing fundamental knowledge in Biology, Chemistry, Physics.” He also noted that as of spring 2016 a sample “d” Earth Science course has been added to the a-g searchable courses. He also wanted to remind high schools that UC would much rather answer questions and work with high schools as courses are being prepared, before they are submitted rather than after, to help make the process more successful. Use the UC a-g Course Management Portal to find search for other recently approved NGSS aligned courses.

Over the last two years UC has been working to align to NGSS. In spring 2015 the academic senate was working on the following, “…a faculty work group revised the area “d” course criteria to reference the NGSS standards, and some are now urging BOARS (Board of Admissions & Relations with Schools) to revise the area “d” subject requirement itself to align with the NGSS. A central question is whether area “d” will continue to identify the three core laboratory science disciplines as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics, or change to reflect the four core NGSS categories—Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, Earth and Space Sciences, and Engineering, Technology and Applications of Science—and broaden the scope beyond only “laboratory sciences.”

Remember this work is still underway – high schools can work directly with UCOP and determine the pace at which they will resubmit courses. There is no deadline at this time as the “new” NGSS courses are still being developed. Local district timelines for course revisions vary. Use the UC site to review their annual timeline.

Many high schools are maintaining the same “content” of an approved course but developing lessons, labs, etc. in small sections to shift instruction to NGSS 3-Dimensional learning, especially incorporating the Science and Engineering Practices. This will take time and ongoing professional learning especially in smaller schools or those not supported by an MSP, Science Project, or other similar projects. Keep in mind that your communities need time to learn about NGSS too and how it will serve their children.

Resources for 3 Dimensional Science

Question: Is there a place that teachers can get a list of natural phenomena for specific content areas?

Answer: Phenomena for NGSSwww.ngssphenomena.com is a curated collection of phenomena for the NGSS, along with help for how to use phenomena in 3 Dimensional teaching and learning. A new resource now being developed by the San Diego COE called #ProjectPhenomena is also available (www.sciencephenomena.com).

Question: Are there additional resources beyond the framework that show how Crosscutting Concepts (CCC) connect to lessons/units?

Answer: The NGSS Rollout Phase 2 Crosscutting Concepts session is a great resource and is free on Digital Chalkboard. It makes use of Crosscut Weebly with teacher-developed ideas http://crosscutsymbols.weebly.com/. Project-based Learning resources are also where you can see big overarching lesson ideas. Edutopia and the Buck Institute are a few.

Question: Where can we find more engineering activities/projects that connect directly to NGSS?

Answer: There is a lot out there. Directly connected to NGSS – meaning someone has had time to do that – not so much yet, but increasing. Keep in mind NGSS is newer to other states than it is to us here in CA. Engineering is Elementary, as an example, though for younger grades, models the use of the engineering design process embedded in science class. The key with engineering is that that it becomes part of the K-12 science curriculum, not stand alone events, electives or challenges. This too takes time and requires weaving in the engineering Practices (SEP) and the engineering Core Ideas (DCI) as part of the units you teach and develop. Staying in touch with CSTA, CA Classroom Science and other connections with colleagues is how you find more.

Question: Is there a place that teachers can get lesson and unit ideas or models aligned to NGSS?

Answer: Lots of places to look – but be a critical consumer – remember we are ALL novices at NGSS still so what has a label may not be a final product, but rather a step in the ongoing learning we are all doing!

Assessment

Questions: Are there assessment questions/ performance tasks, etc.? When will we be assessed on NGSS?

Answers:

  • Working with other teachers is always a good practice when it comes to assessment – especially if your school or district is learning what NGSS can “look” like. CDE will be posting more of the work from the CA MSP Grants on Digital Chalkboard. The PALS website contains science performance tasks – http://pals.sri.com/
  • The State Board of Education has moved ahead with a newly designed science assessment. It is being carefully developed with solid research base and public oversight thanks to CSTA.
  • Writing is currently underway, a pilot is expected in the spring of 2017 with an operational test by spring 2019.
  • To keep up to date: CDE FAQ: http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ca/sciencefaq.asp#accordionfaq
  • The NGSS Rollout Phase 3 feature a session on Assessment.
  • Your county offices are part of the CISC (Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee) community. This committee disperses updates about frameworks, assessments and other statewide work to every county.
  • You also have CSTA as your state teachers association monthly publication CA Classroom Science. Members also get critical updates by email.

Credentialing

Question: What are the credentialing implications of NGSS for currently assigned teachers?

Answer: In CA there are multiple factors that weigh into a teacher’s credentialing; from the year credentialed to the funding formula used at the district of employment. For this reason the most accurate answer will always be based upon an individual’s assignment.

The CSTA NGSS Credentialing webpage has the most currently available general information visible for CA teachers. This provides a good place to start looking for answers.

Question: What are the implications for credentials in pipeline for Earth or Physical sciences?

Answer: Getting up to date numbers from the many teacher preparation programs in CA would be necessary before responding to this question. High school districts should start now looking at their longer term plans for course sequences, staffing, and recruitment. These processes take multiple years and require all stakeholders to be part of the planning.

Course Models

Questions: What are the benefits of choosing the 3-year versus 4-year models? Isn’t the 4-year model similar to what we are already doing now? If Ed Code only requires 2 years of science to graduate, why do we need to offer 3 or 4 years? There’s no legal reason to require 3 or 4 years, correct?

Answer: The contrast in these questions speaks volumes. The teachers accustomed to having a 4-year program are wondering what would change, and those who still provide the “minimum” 2-years wonder why 3-4 years would be expected.

Consider attending the August events about High School 3 Course Model:

  • San Joaquin COE: August 15
  • Alameda COE: August 16
  • Southern California events are anticipated later in the fall

Equity is what it comes down to. Students get varying experience with science depending on where they go to school. The NGSS set Performance Expectations based on a comprehensive science program that provides each student with sufficient science to be career, college, and citizen-ready. The NGSS were not designed to “fit” Ed Code, but to provide equitable learning. Two years appears to be insufficient time in which to accomplish that.

The CA Ed Code sets a minimum – a basement if you will – to build a high school program upon that meets the requirements for a CA diploma.

California Education Code (EC) 51225.3 has specified a minimum set of courses to meet state requirements to graduate from high school and receive a diploma. The governing boards of local education agencies (LEAs) have the authority to supplement the state minimum requirements at the local level. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/gs/hs/hsgrmin.asp.

Question: When should teachers re-write their course descriptions and sequences?

Answer: A good starting place for transition to NGSS courses is to look at the new DRAFT – available starting June 28 at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/sc/cf/ (until fall 2016) CA Science Framework chapters about the course models. While not yet adopted by the CA SBE the draft gives high schools an idea of how NGSS may play out in course sequences. There is no deadline for this, CDE recognizes that transition to NGSS is a process, not an on/off switch.

LCAP

Question: What resources are available to help teachers brainstorm the resources and support that will be most helpful in implementation so that they can petition the school and district to include these in the LCAP language?

Answer: This page has a list of tools for LCAP work http://www.cslnet.org/what-we-do/policy-advocacy/local-control-accountability-plan/

The Model LCAP Content has text you can use to come up with your own focus statements: http://www.cslnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Model-LCAP-Content1.pdf.

CSTA has also published a few articles that may be of help:

Hopefully these links, updates and ideas help in the work toward NGSS implementation. Many thanks go to the many individuals from CA county office who contributed resources and suggestions they make use of locally, and have now shared here.

Finally, remember we all need to give ourselves time to be novices again as we learn together and share our experiences doing this work. The County Offices are one of the many partners CA science teachers have to collaborate with, and now you have links to many more.

As you, and your colleagues, find more sources that are of a help to you please share them at some of the CSTA CA Science Teacher Facebook pages:

Christie Pearce is the Science Coordinator for the Orange County Department of Education. Marian Murphy-Shaw is the Educational Services Director, Siskiyou County Office of Education, and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director. Both are members of CSTA.

Written by Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw

Marian Murphy-Shaw is the student services director at Siskiyou County Office of Education and is CSTA’s Region 1 Director and chair of CSTA’s Policy Committee.

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Accelerating into NGSS – A Statewide Rollout Series Now Accepting Registrations

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

Are you feeling behind on the implementation of NGSS? Then Accelerating into NGSS – the Statewide Rollout event – is right for you!

WHO SHOULD ATTEND
If you have not experienced Phases 1-4 of the Statewide Rollout, or are feeling behind with the implementation of NGSS, the Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout will provide you with the greatest hits from Phases 1-4!

OVERVIEW
Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout is a two-day training geared toward grade K-12 academic coaches, administrators, curriculum leads, and teacher leaders. Check-in for the two-day rollout begins at 7:30 a.m., followed by a continental breakfast. Sessions run from 8:00 a.m. to 4:15 p.m. on Day One and from 8:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on Day Two.

Cost of training is $250 per attendee. Fee includes all materials, continental breakfast, and lunch on both days. It is recommended that districts send teams of four to six, which include at least one administrator. Payment can be made by check or credit card. If paying by check, registration is NOT complete until payment has been received. All payments must be received prior to the Rollout location date you are attending. Paying by credit card secures your seat at time of registration. No purchase orders accepted. No participant cancellation refunds.

For questions or more information, please contact Amy Kennedy at akennedy@sjcoe.net or (209) 468-9027.

REGISTER

http://bit.ly/ACCELERATINGINTONGSS

DATES & LOCATIONS
MARCH 28-29, 2018
Host: San Mateo County Office of Education
Location: San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City

APRIL 10-11, 2018
Host: Orange County Office of Education
Location: Brandman University, Irvine

MAY 1-2, 2018
Host: Tulare County Office of Education
Location: Tulare County Office of Education, Visalia

MAY 3-4, 2018
Host: San Bernardino Superintendent of Schools
Location: West End Educational Service Center, Rancho Cucamonga

MAY 7-8, 2018
Host: Sacramento County Office of Education
Location: Sacramento County Office of Education Conference Center and David P. Meaney Education Center, Mather

JUNE 14-15, 2018
Host: Imperial County Office of Education
Location: Imperial Valley College, Imperial

Presented by the California Department of Education, California County Superintendents Educational Services Association/County Offices of Education, K-12 Alliance @WestEd, California Science Project, and the California Science Teachers Association.

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

The Teaching and Learning Collaborative, Reflections from an Administrator

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

by Kelly Patchen

My name is Mrs. Kelly Patchen, and I am proud to be an elementary assistant principal working in the Tracy Unified School District (TUSD) at Louis Bohn and McKinley Elementary Schools. Each of the schools I support are Title I K-5 schools with about 450 students, a diverse student population, a high percentage of English Language Learners, and students living in poverty. We’re also lucky to be part of the CA NGSS K-8 Early Implementation Initiative with the K-12 Alliance. Learn More…

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Written by NGSS Early Implementer

NGSS Early Implementer

In 2015 CSTA began to publish a series of articles written by teachers participating in the California NGSS k-8 Early Implementation Initiative. This article was written by an educator(s) participating in the initiative. CSTA thanks them for their contributions and for sharing their experience with the science teaching community.

2018 CSTA Conference Call for Proposals

Posted: Wednesday, January 17th, 2018

CSTA is pleased to announce that we are now accepting proposals for 90-minute workshops and three- and six-hour short courses for the 2018 California Science Education Conference. Workshops and short courses make up the bulk of the content and professional learning opportunities available at the conference. In recognition of their contribution, members who present a workshop or short course receive 50% off of their registration fees. Click for more information regarding proposals, or submit one today by following the links below.

Short Course Proposal

Workshop Proposal Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

CSTA’s New Administrator Facebook Group Page

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Holly Steele

The California Science Teachers Association’s mission is to promote high-quality science education, and one of the best practice’s we use to fulfill that mission is through the use of our Facebook group pages. CSTA hosts several closed and moderated Facebook group pages for specific grade levels, (Elementary, Middle, and High School), pages for district coaches and science education faculty, and the official CSTA Facebook page. These pages serve as an online resource for teachers and coaches to exchange teaching methods, materials, staying update on science events in California and asking questions. CSTA is happy to announce the creation of a 6th group page called, California Administrators Supporting Science. Learn More…

Written by Guest Contributor

From time to time CSTA receives contributions from guest contributors. The opinions and views expressed by these contributors are not necessarily those of CSTA. By publishing these articles CSTA does not make any endorsements or statements of support of the author or their contribution, either explicit or implicit. All links to outside sources are subject to CSTA’s Disclaimer Policy: http://www.classroomscience.org/disclaimer.

Find Your Reason to Engage

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Jill Grace

I was recently reflecting on events in the news and remembered that several years ago, National Public Radio had a story about a man named Stéphane Hessel, a World War II French resistance fighter, Nazi concentration camp survivor, and contributor to the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The story focused on a book he had published, Time for Outrage (2010).

In it, Hessel makes the argument that the worst attitude is indifference:

“Who is in charge; who are the decision makers? It’s not always easy to discern. We’re not dealing with a small elite anymore, whose actions we can clearly identify. We are dealing with a vast, interdependent world that is interconnected in unprecedented ways. But there are unbearable things all around us. You have to look for them; search carefully. Open your eyes and you will see. This is what I tell young people: If you spend a little time searching, you will find your reasons to engage. The worst attitude is indifference. ‘There’s nothing I can do; I get by’ – adopting this mindset will deprive you of one of the fundamental qualities of being human: outrage.  Our capacity for protest is indispensable, as is our freedom to engage.”

His words make me take pause when I think of the status of science in the United States. A general “mistrust” of science is increasingly pervasive, as outlined in a New Yorker article from the summer of 2016. Learn More…

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Written by Jill Grace

Jill Grace

Jill Grace is a Regional Director for the K-12 Alliance and is President of CSTA.