January/February 2018 – Vol. 31 No. 2

Science Education: An Ecosystem Approach

Posted: Wednesday, November 16th, 2016

by Laura O’Dell

Though the organisms may claim our prime interest, when we are trying to think fundamentally, we cannot separate them from their special environments, with which they form one physical system.  –Arthur Tansley

As science teachers, our prime interest is teaching, guiding, and mentoring students in making sense of scientific phenomena. In 1935, Arthur Tansley, pioneer of the emerging science of ecology, described how environments function as complex systems comprised of biotic and abiotic factors. In coining the term “ecosystem”, Tansley gave a name to the interconnectedness of living things and their relationship to environmental factors.

Organisms depend on the balance of biotic and abiotic factors in order to survive and thrive. Nutrients, matter, and energy cycle continually throughout ecosystems and a stable balance between biotic and abiotic factors are required to keep the ecosystem healthy. We advocate effective curriculum, facilities, and policies to ensure quality science education but without students, educators, and families, they remain abiotic factors. Similarly we should recognize formal science education as only one component of a student’s education; but what other factors

With the adoption of NGSS and a new state framework, California teachers are rising to the challenge of providing students with a top quality science education. We are all working to promote informed citizenry as well as preparing them for STEM careers. As a community of teachers, we must actively seek out factors, biotic and abiotic, that can round out our educational ecosystem.

The NSTA’s position on informal education describes the critical role informal science plays in education. The California Science Framework states: “one can think about collaboration and partnership work among schools and various science sectors as interrelationships among diverse organizations within an ‘ecosystem’. Ecosystems are not efficient, they evolve over very long time periods, and they constantly change” (National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council 2014, 50).

The Framework recognizes:

  • Partnerships build capacities of teachers.
  • Collaboration with outside agencies can provide tools and structures that support formal education.
  • A well-rounded science educational ecosystem deepens students’ STEM interests over time.
  • Learning and instruction can be supported with out-of-school experiences.
  • Engaging families and communities in support of STEM education.

Informal learning brings to mind field trips to science centers, museums, and community-based organizations. In California we are fortunate to be home to wonderful science-themed organizations and no doubt, we will continue to pursue these experiences for our students. With growing interest in promoting STEM education in all corners of society, exciting, non-formal learning experiences are turning up in unexpected places.

In early October, an ice rink in Ontario, in southern California, turned into the largest classrooms in the state. Over 5,000 students attended the inaugural Education Day with the Ontario Reign of the American Hockey League. Students were treated to an education themed game complete with a booklet that helps students link topics in math, science, geography, and history to the sport of hockey. One activity engages the engineer in all of us. The lesson details protective equipment used in the sport. The activity prompts students to think critically how they would improve or develop equipment that makes the game safer. Motion, forces, and friction can be learned by looking closely at the structure and function of ice skates. The evolution of hockey sticks gives students a taste of materials science and the role of engineering in making sports equipment more efficient. This kind of informal learning opportunity supports the way we are encouraging students to make concrete connections extra-curricular interests.

Just as we must seek out science learning in unexpected places, we need to look at the ones closer to home. In their homes, students experience life-long learning experiences. This bring to mind my own experience at my school. At the STEAM Academy at Burke Middle School, we are proactive in building those stronger connections with informal learning. Our Parent Academy started out a few years ago as informal meetings with parents to educate them about our new math program. The Academy has grown and branched out to:

  • General ways parents can best support their children at home.
  • Teachers walk parents through math concepts and samples of problems to show them what is expected of students.
  • Training on various technologies and digital resources for exchange of information and communication with school.
  • Information on Project Based Learning; expectations for students and how parents can support them in the home.

With the goal of building capacity at the school level, each department is finding ways to contribute. The expectation is to show parents ways they can link their child’s sense-making and school-based experiences with informal learning that takes place in the home.

In the end, we have to remember that we do not teach in isolation and students cannot learn in isolation. Just as we cannot expect an organism to live, grow, and thrive without the supports of an active, healthy ecosystem, we cannot expect the same from students. When we integrate formal education with the informal, viewing science education as an ecosystem is not simply an interesting analogy, but rather, a professional imperative. We need to actively seek out and promote informal learning opportunities to complete our ecosystem and make it a place for children to thrive. Additionally, we should be willing to look beyond traditional resources to compliment, support, and enrich formal science education. To truly see change, we have to ensure science education functions as a system where all students thrive in his or her own niche.


National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council. 2014. STEM Integration in K–12 Education: Status, Prospects, and Agenda for Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Tansley, AG (1935). “The use and abuse of vegetational terms and concepts”. Ecology16 (3): 284–307.

Laura O’Dell is a science teacer at STEAM Academy @ Burke Middle School and is a member of CSTA and CSTA’s Membership Committee.

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

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Accelerating into NGSS – A Statewide Rollout Series Now Accepting Registrations

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

Are you feeling behind on the implementation of NGSS? Then Accelerating into NGSS – the Statewide Rollout event – is right for you!

If you have not experienced Phases 1-4 of the Statewide Rollout, or are feeling behind with the implementation of NGSS, the Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout will provide you with the greatest hits from Phases 1-4!

Accelerating Into NGSS Statewide Rollout is a two-day training geared toward grade K-12 academic coaches, administrators, curriculum leads, and teacher leaders. Check-in for the two-day rollout begins at 7:30 a.m., followed by a continental breakfast. Sessions run from 8:00 a.m. to 4:15 p.m. on Day One and from 8:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. on Day Two.

Cost of training is $250 per attendee. Fee includes all materials, continental breakfast, and lunch on both days. It is recommended that districts send teams of four to six, which include at least one administrator. Payment can be made by check or credit card. If paying by check, registration is NOT complete until payment has been received. All payments must be received prior to the Rollout location date you are attending. Paying by credit card secures your seat at time of registration. No purchase orders accepted. No participant cancellation refunds.

For questions or more information, please contact Amy Kennedy at akennedy@sjcoe.net or (209) 468-9027.



MARCH 28-29, 2018
Host: San Mateo County Office of Education
Location: San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City

APRIL 10-11, 2018
Host: Orange County Office of Education
Location: Brandman University, Irvine

MAY 1-2, 2018
Host: Tulare County Office of Education
Location: Tulare County Office of Education, Visalia

MAY 3-4, 2018
Host: San Bernardino Superintendent of Schools
Location: West End Educational Service Center, Rancho Cucamonga

MAY 7-8, 2018
Host: Sacramento County Office of Education
Location: Sacramento County Office of Education Conference Center and David P. Meaney Education Center, Mather

JUNE 14-15, 2018
Host: Imperial County Office of Education
Location: Imperial Valley College, Imperial

Presented by the California Department of Education, California County Superintendents Educational Services Association/County Offices of Education, K-12 Alliance @WestEd, California Science Project, and the California Science Teachers Association.

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

The Teaching and Learning Collaborative, Reflections from an Administrator

Posted: Friday, January 19th, 2018

by Kelly Patchen

My name is Mrs. Kelly Patchen, and I am proud to be an elementary assistant principal working in the Tracy Unified School District (TUSD) at Louis Bohn and McKinley Elementary Schools. Each of the schools I support are Title I K-5 schools with about 450 students, a diverse student population, a high percentage of English Language Learners, and students living in poverty. We’re also lucky to be part of the CA NGSS K-8 Early Implementation Initiative with the K-12 Alliance. Learn More…

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Written by NGSS Early Implementer

NGSS Early Implementer

In 2015 CSTA began to publish a series of articles written by teachers participating in the California NGSS k-8 Early Implementation Initiative. This article was written by an educator(s) participating in the initiative. CSTA thanks them for their contributions and for sharing their experience with the science teaching community.

2018 CSTA Conference Call for Proposals

Posted: Wednesday, January 17th, 2018

CSTA is pleased to announce that we are now accepting proposals for 90-minute workshops and three- and six-hour short courses for the 2018 California Science Education Conference. Workshops and short courses make up the bulk of the content and professional learning opportunities available at the conference. In recognition of their contribution, members who present a workshop or short course receive 50% off of their registration fees. Click for more information regarding proposals, or submit one today by following the links below.

Short Course Proposal

Workshop Proposal Learn More…

Written by California Science Teachers Association

California Science Teachers Association

CSTA represents science educators statewide—in every science discipline at every grade level, Kindergarten through University.

CSTA’s New Administrator Facebook Group Page

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Holly Steele

The California Science Teachers Association’s mission is to promote high-quality science education, and one of the best practice’s we use to fulfill that mission is through the use of our Facebook group pages. CSTA hosts several closed and moderated Facebook group pages for specific grade levels, (Elementary, Middle, and High School), pages for district coaches and science education faculty, and the official CSTA Facebook page. These pages serve as an online resource for teachers and coaches to exchange teaching methods, materials, staying update on science events in California and asking questions. CSTA is happy to announce the creation of a 6th group page called, California Administrators Supporting Science. Learn More…

Written by Guest Contributor

From time to time CSTA receives contributions from guest contributors. The opinions and views expressed by these contributors are not necessarily those of CSTA. By publishing these articles CSTA does not make any endorsements or statements of support of the author or their contribution, either explicit or implicit. All links to outside sources are subject to CSTA’s Disclaimer Policy: http://www.classroomscience.org/disclaimer.

Find Your Reason to Engage

Posted: Monday, January 15th, 2018

by Jill Grace

I was recently reflecting on events in the news and remembered that several years ago, National Public Radio had a story about a man named Stéphane Hessel, a World War II French resistance fighter, Nazi concentration camp survivor, and contributor to the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The story focused on a book he had published, Time for Outrage (2010).

In it, Hessel makes the argument that the worst attitude is indifference:

“Who is in charge; who are the decision makers? It’s not always easy to discern. We’re not dealing with a small elite anymore, whose actions we can clearly identify. We are dealing with a vast, interdependent world that is interconnected in unprecedented ways. But there are unbearable things all around us. You have to look for them; search carefully. Open your eyes and you will see. This is what I tell young people: If you spend a little time searching, you will find your reasons to engage. The worst attitude is indifference. ‘There’s nothing I can do; I get by’ – adopting this mindset will deprive you of one of the fundamental qualities of being human: outrage.  Our capacity for protest is indispensable, as is our freedom to engage.”

His words make me take pause when I think of the status of science in the United States. A general “mistrust” of science is increasingly pervasive, as outlined in a New Yorker article from the summer of 2016. Learn More…

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Written by Jill Grace

Jill Grace

Jill Grace is a Regional Director for the K-12 Alliance and is President of CSTA.