Using Beach Cleanups to Enhance Science Curriculum
Posted: Tuesday, January 7th, 2014
by Lori Walsh
Visiting an aquarium can be a powerful learning experience for students, providing them with opportunities to see first-hand the characteristics, adaptations and even habitats of marine animals. But as residents of California, you have an opportunity to help students experience such ecosystems first hand–and even improve them–through a beach cleanup activity. Environmental events happen frequently along the California coastline, offering opportunities to make authentic curriculum connections. Organizations, such as “I Love a Clean San Diego” (ILACSD) and “Heal the Bay” in the Los Angeles area, sponsor monthly cleanups at particular sites and larger, countywide events. Linking a volunteer event with science curriculum has the potential to show students the power of small efforts that can combine to create a massive environmental force.
Marine debris is a problem that affects aquatic species through entanglement, ingestion and habitat destruction. Plastic is one of the most commonly found items on beaches, and it is vital that it is removed as plastic does not biodegrade. The majority of trash in the ocean comes from litter, industry and garbage issues. More information about the marine debris dilemma can be found through the California Coastal Commission (CCC) webpage. This resource provides statistics about debris and videos suitable to use in the classroom. Because the majority of ocean trash originates inland, if you teach near a local park, stream or canyon you can still organize cleanups that will impact ocean health as well.
There are several ways to link a beach cleanup to key science concepts at different grade levels. The most obvious connections relate to understanding habitats, adaptations and individual species. Students can choose an animal to research to see how this species might be impacted by marine debris. Having chosen their animal, students can then document the amount of trash they encounter that could impact their species. A tally sheet can be created to keep track of the kinds of trash found along the beach. This data can then be analyzed in the classroom to determine the most frequently found items and most unusual items.
Weather patterns also connect to a beach cleanup event. The Japanese Tsunami in 2011 has the potential to impact the amount of debris found on California beaches. Brief pre-visit activities might encourage students to predict the kinds of debris that might be found from the tsunami. A tsunami debris field guide can be a great addition to your lesson. There are several useful resources for learning more about tsunamis and debris. The native species of the particular site, erosion and beach creation can also be connected to the beach cleanup. Additional ideas about how to connect curriculum to the event are compiled on the CCC resource page.
Organizing a beach cleanup activity is easy. You can register your class with one of the conservation groups such as ILACSD, who often offer supplies (gloves, trash bags, etc) for volunteers. However, you can coordinate a cleanup simply by picking a location and creating a check in spot on the day of the event. Families should be encouraged to wear closed toe shoes, use sun block and bring water in a reusable bottle to the clean up. Parents should be required to participate with their child, and waivers should be completed on the day of the event. A sign-in table should be placed at the location, and external factors, such as parking and coordination with State Parks, should be considered in advance. All participants should receive safety information at the beginning of the event, such as what to do with hazardous items. Guidelines for beach cleanups can be found at ILACSD page for the Adopt-a-Beach program. Encourage students to bring a reusable container, such as a bucket or milk jug for trash collection and gardening gloves to limit the amount of waste created. Guidelines for Educators planning beach cleanups can be found at the CCC’s page for Educators. Make sure to figure out where trash and recyclables will go after the event and provide hand sanitizer for the volunteers. Additional ideas about how to connect curriculum to the event can be found at the CCC Educator Resource page.
An organized beach cleanup gives students learning opportunities in an informal setting. Volunteering for a beach clean up provides you with the chance to show the importance of environmental stewardship on a local level. Think out-of-the box and use beach cleanups to teach science. These events provide strong curriculum connections while combating marine debris and developing students’ sense of stewardship.
Lori Walsh is Education Specialist at SEA LIFE® Aquarium at LEGOLAND® California Resort. You can reach her at Lori_walsh@hotmail.com. She was invited to write for CCS by CSTA member Laura Henriques.
Posted: Wednesday, October 12th, 2016
by Jessica Sawko
In June 2016 California submitted a waiver application to discontinue using the old CST (based on 1998 standards) and conduct two years of pilot and field tests (in spring 2017 and 2018, respectively) of the new science assessment designed to support our state’s current science standards (California Next Generation Science Standards (CA-NGSS) adopted in 2013). The waiver was requested because no student scores will be provided as a part of the pilot and field tests. The CDE received a response from the U.S. Department of Education (ED) on September 30, 2016, which provides the CDE the opportunity to resubmit a revised waiver request within 60 days. The CDE will be revising the waiver request and resubmitting as ED suggested.
At its October 2016 North/South Assessment meetings CDE confirmed that there will be no administration of the old CST in the spring of 2017. (An archive of the meeting is available at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ai/infomeeting.asp.) Learn More…
Posted: Thursday, September 22nd, 2016
by Carol Peterson
1) To celebrate the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service, Google has put together a collection of virtual tours combining 360-degree video, panoramic photos and expert narration. It’s called “The Hidden Worlds of the National Parks” and is accessible right from the browser. You can choose from one of five different locales, including the Kenai Fjords in Alaska and Bryce Canyon in Utah, and get a guided “tour” from a local park ranger. Each one has a few virtual vistas to explore, with documentary-style voiceovers and extra media hidden behind clickable thumbnails. Ideas are included for use in classrooms. https://www.engadget.com/2016/08/25/google-offers-360-degree-tours-of-us-national-parks/. Learn More…
Posted: Thursday, September 22nd, 2016
CSTA is pleased to announce the winners of the 2016 CSTA Awards for Distinguished Contributions, Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award, 2014 and 2015 PAEMST-Science recipients from California, and the 2016 California PAEMST Finalists. The following individuals and organizations will be honored during the 2016 California Science Education Conference on October 21- 23 in Palm Springs. This year’s group of awardees are truly outstanding. Please join us in congratulating them!
Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award
The Margaret Nicholson Distinguished Service Award honors an individual who has made a significant contribution to science education in the state and who, through years of leadership and service, has truly made a positive impact on the quality of science teaching. This year’s recipient is John Keller, Ph.D. Dr. Keller is Associate Professor, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and Co-Director, Center for Engineering, Science, and Mathematics Education, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. In her letter of recommendation, SDSU science education faculty and former CSTA board member Donna Ross wrote: “He brings people together who share the desire to make a difference in the development and implementation of programs for science teaching. Examples of these projects include the Math and Science Teaching Initiative (MSTI), Noyce Scholars Program, Western Regional Noyce Initiative, and the Science Teacher and Researcher (STAR) program.” Through his work, he has had a dramatic impact on science teacher education, both preservice and in-service, in California, the region, and the country. He developed and implemented the STEM Teacher and Researcher Program which aims to produce excellent K-12 STEM teachers by providing aspiring teachers with opportunities to do authentic research while helping them translate their research experience into classroom practice. SFSU faculty member Larry Horvath said it best in his letter:“John Keller exemplifies the best aspects of a scientist, science educator, and mentor. His contributions to science education in the state of California are varied, significant, and I am sure will continue well into the future.” Learn More…
Posted: Tuesday, September 20th, 2016
by Peter A’hearn
NGSS is a big shift. Teachers need to learn new content, figure out how this whole engineering thing relates to science, and develop new unit and lesson plans. How could NGSS possibly make life easier?
The idea that NGSS could make our lives easier came to me during the California State NGSS Rollout #1 Classroom Example lesson on chromatography. I have since done this lesson with high school chemistry students and it made me think back to having my own students do chromatography. I spent lots of time preparing to make sure the experiment went well and achieved the “correct” result. I pre-prepared the solutions and organized and prepped the materials. I re-wrote and re-wrote again the procedure so there was no way a kid could get it wrong. I spent 20 minutes before the lab modeling all of the steps in class, so there was no way to do it wrong. Except that it turns out there were many. Learn More…
Posted: Tuesday, September 20th, 2016
by Robert C. Victor. Twilight sky maps by Robert D. Miller. Graph of evening planet setting times by Dr. Jeffrey L. Hunt
Our evening twilight chart for September, depicting the sky about 40 minutes after sunset from SoCal, shows brilliant Venus remaining low, creeping from W to WSW and gaining a little altitude as the month progresses. Its close encounter within 2.5° N of Spica on Sept. 18 is best seen with binoculars to catch the star low in bright twilight. The brightest stars in the evening sky are golden Arcturus descending in the west, and blue-white Vega passing just north of overhead. Look for Altair and Deneb completing the Summer Triangle with Vega. The triangle of Mars-Saturn-Antares expands as Mars seems to hold nearly stationary in SSW as the month progresses, while Saturn and Antares slink off to the SW. Learn More…